Play Therapy is a specific counseling approach in which games, toys and mediums such as clay, drawings and
paint are used to help a child or adolescent to express their emotions, thoughts, wishes and needs. It helps
them to understand muddled feelings and upsetting events that they have not had the chance or the skills to
sort out properly. Rather than having to explain what is troubling them, as adult therapy usually expects,
children use play to communicate at their own level and at their own pace, without feeling interrogated or threatened.
What happens during play therapy sessions?
The initial focus of the therapy is on building a relationship between a child and the therapist.
This relationship is a very important tool in the therapeutic process because a child or adolescent
will more readily talk about their intimate feelings when they feel respected and accepted. In the
sessions the therapist uses specific techniques to assess how a child or adolescent experience their
world and how they communicate and react to the events and people in their world. Children are lead to
become aware of what they are feeling and opportunities are given to express these feelings. Awareness
is a very important process in play therapy, because without awareness change is not possible. Throughout
the therapy the child or adolescent is empowered and supported to learn more about who they are, to talk
about things that are frightening or painful, to be self supportive and to experiment with new behavior.
What can be achieved through play therapy?
Play Therapy can be useful for any child of four years and older. It can help to become aware of what
feelings and how these feelings manifest in behavior or one's body. They can learn how to become better
at regulating emotions and expressing them in constructive ways. They can discover who they are and what
their strong and weak points, needs, wishes, thoughts and dreams are. The combination of this self-knowledge
and training in social skills may help a child to become more assertive, self-confident and to have self-respect
and respect for others.